Which statement related to hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes who are receiving nutritional support is correct?
a. Incretin hormones stimulate the actions of glucagon.
b. Incretin hormones increase gluconeogenesis.
c. Hyperglycemia decreases levels of inflammatory cytokines
d. Hyperglycemia increases levels of inflammatory cytokines.
Correct answer: d. Hyperglycemia increases levels of inflammatory cytokines, increasing the risk of cardiac events and worsening peripheral insulin resistance.
To learn more, read the continuing nursing education article “Supplemental nutrition for hospital patients with diabetes.”